WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW Human rights laws explained The Human Rights Act The Human Rights Act is the main way of protecting your human rights in the UK. Check out where human rights come from and how our Human Rights Act works, including the difference it makes for people across the UK in everyday life outside the courts. Find out more here. The European Convention on Human Rights The European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms was agreed by nations across the continent after World War II. The UK government played a leading role in writing the text and was one of the first to sign up. The human rights in the Convention have been made accessible in the UK through the Human Rights Act. Find out more here. The European Court of Human Rights Since 1966 people in the UK have been able to ask the European Court of Human Rights to decide whether their rights have been breached. Whilst the Human Rights Act now means people can bring cases in the British courts, the European Court continues to play an important role in human rights protections for people in the UK. Our courts also have an important dialogue with the European Court to assist with the interpretation of rights. Find our more here.