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Organisations’ duties

What duties do organisations have?

Our Human Rights Act contains 16 rights. These come from the European Convention on Human Rights but our Human Rights Act put them into UK law.

Although some rights (known as non-absolute rights) can sometimes be limited or restricted, rights cannot be taken away.

Under our Human Rights Act, all public authorities have a legal duty to respect, protect and fulfil human rights across their actions, decisions, policies and services. Section 6 of our Human Rights Act clarifies that the term “public authorities” covers both:

  1. Core public authorities (bodies typically seen as public like local authorities, regulators, government departments and the NHS as well as courts and tribunals); and
  2. “Hybrid” public authorities (companies, non-profits and charities who are doing things which would typically be done by a core public authority like running a prison).

Our Human Rights Act is a foundation law

Our Human Rights Act is a foundation law, which means all other law should be interpreted in a way that’s compatible with human rights wherever possible. This includes all health and care law and guidance (like the Mental Health Act, Mental Capacity Act, Care Act and Children’s Act).

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