How might this right be relevant to my life?
This right protects our right to an effective education within the UK's existing educational institutions. It relates to primary, secondary, and higher education. Often, Article 2, Protocol 1 is used in conjunction with the right to be free from discrimination (Article 14).
This right means that:
- Children in the UK have access to an effective education in existing schools/institutions.
- Religious and philosophical beliefs and principles of parents should be considered.
- The curriculum set by an education authority, such as the national curriculum, must be objective and factual, meaning that parents or students religious or philosophical beliefs are respected.
- It prevents the state from denying a person an education rather than creating a right for all children to be educated to secondary level.
- The duty is on the state and not on any school/institution – for example, if an expelled pupil is able to have access to efficient education somewhere else, there would be no breach of his or her right to education.
- Any studies that a student has successfully completed must be officially recognised.
This right does not mean:
- The right to education is not a right to learn whatever a person wants, wherever they want.
- Parents cannot stop schools teaching subjects such as sex education if they are reasonable things for the school to teach. Parents can remove their children from sex education classes.
- The right to education does not prevent schools from imposing disciplinary measures on pupils, such as suspension or exclusion. Any such punishment must be lawful, pursued for a legitimate aim, and proportionate/least restrictive. Any pupil that is excluded or suspended, must be provided access to alternative state education.
You can ask the public official about their decision or action and ask them to tell you how it was lawful, legitimate and proportionate.
If you can think of a way to deal with this situation or decision that is less restrictive to you then you can raise it with the public official as the decision may not be proportionate.