Article 2 issues may arise when services or treatment are refused on the basis of lack of resources and this refusal leads to loss of life.
In Asiye Genc v Turkey, Asiye gave birth to a premature baby boy, Tolga, in a public hospital. Tolga had breathing difficulties but the hospital had no suitable neonatal wards so attempted to move him to a different hospital. However, that hospital said there was no space and no incubators so sent him back to the first hospital. Tolga sadly died in the ambulance without receiving any treatment. The court said that the failure of the State to ensure smooth organisation and correct functioning of the public hospital service led to this lack of treatment and breached Tolga’s Article 2 rights.